Nova Scotia Population 2024

Nova Scotia is second-most densely populated province in Canada with population over around 925,000 people. Nova Scotia’s population account for 2.63 percent of the country’s population. Nova Scotia is also the second smallest province by land size with land size of 52,942.27 km2. Nova Scotia is one of the thirteen providences in Canada located in east side of Canada. Nova Scotia’s capital city is Halifax which is also the 13th largest city by population in Canada.

Based on our research, Nova Scotia population will reach 926,134 by the end of 2024.The calculation is based on the average growth rate of 0.04% over last 12 years since 2011. We believe using the recent years’ figures (see the table in next section) will make the estimation more accurate. The estimation will adjust once Statistic Canada publishes census data.

Population Growth of Nova Scotia

Looking back last twelve years of Nova Scotia’s population, the growth rate is very consistent and slow ranging from 0.02% to 0.05%, adding around 212 to 462 people each year to the overall population. Lot of workers was moving to Nova Scotia to take advantage of employment opportunities there, which contributes to the population growth. Nova Scotia has recorded the strongest population growth in 2016 (0.05%).

Between census year of 2011 and 2016, Nova Scotia’s population has increased 1,871 people or 0.20%.

Year Population Growth Rate
2011 921,727 n/a
2012 922,101 0.04%
2013 922,401 0.03%
2014 922,756 0.04%
2015 923,136 0.04%
2016 923,598 0.05%
2017 923,977 0.04%
2018 924,300 0.03%
2019 924,679 0.04%
2020 924,956 0.03%
2021 925,278 0.03%
2022 925,490 0.02%
2023 925,795 0.03%

Demographics of Nova Scotia

According to Canada census, Nova Scotia is an extremely diverse city, with a huge number of ethnic and cultural groups living there. According to 2006 census, most commonly ethnic origins include: Scottish (31.9%), followed by English (31.8%), Irish (21.6%), French (17.9%), German (11.3%), Aboriginal origin (5.3%), Dutch (4.1%), Black Canadians (2.8%), Welsh (1.9%) Italian (1.5%), and Scandinavian (1.4%).

According 2001 census date, the religious makeup of Nova Scotia is: biggest religious group was Christians with 78.2%, around 21.18 % were Non-religious and 1 % were Muslims. The Jews, Hindus and Sikhs account for around 0.20%.

On the language side, according to 2011 census data, here are the most spoken languages in Nova Scotia: English(92.46%), French(3.44%), Arabic(0.66%), Algonquian languages(0.52%), Mi’kmaq(0.51%), German(0.36%), Chinese(0.30%), Dutch (0.19%), Spanish(0.17%), Canadian Gaelic(0.14%), Tagalog(0.13%) and Persian(0.13%).

Population Density of Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia’s population density is 17.40 people per kilo square meter, which is the highest population density in Canada.

Most Populated Cities in Nova Scotia

Based on 2016 Cesus data, here are the most populated cities in Nova Scotia. Canadian Statistics classify them as population are which requires population greater than 1,000 and population density not less than 400 people per square km2. Montreal is by far has the most population compared with other cities in Nova Scotia.

Rank City 2016 Census
1 Halifax 316,701
2 Sydney 29,904
3 Truro 22,954
4 New Glasgow 18,665
5 Glace Bay 17,556
6 Sydney Mines 12,823
7 Kentville 12,088
8 Amherst 9,550
9 Bridgewater 8,532
10 New Waterford 7,344

Facts About Nova Scotia

  1. The province is four hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and one hour ahead of Eastern Standard Time (EST) within the Atlantic Standard Time Zone (AST).
  2. Nova Scotia is one of Canada’s Maritime Provinces (along with New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island).
  3. “Nova Scotia” means “New Scotland” in Latin (although “Scotia” was originally a Roman name for Ireland) and is the recognized English language name for the province.
  4. Nova Scotia is in the mid-temperate region. Since the province is almost surrounded by the sea, the climate is closer to the maritime climate than to the continental climate.
  5. Bluenose was a schooner from Nova Scotia built in 1921 that was undefeated in races for 17 consecutive years.
  6. The Nova Scotia Coat of Arms features a unicorn and a native American on it.
  7. Numerous Triassic and Jurassic fossils have been found in Nova Scotia, making it a popular research location for palaeontologists.
  8. Most of Nova Scotia is English-speaking, with only 4 percent of the population speaking French.


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